This is our Top-Ten list for things everyone needs to know about grants! With these tips you will be better equipped to find and win a grant.
These tips are important to understand because so many people are confused about grants. Sometimes they think grants and federal aid are the same thing, which they are not.
Part of the reason it's important to know more about grants is to be able to avoid people who want to “help” you get grants - for a fee - when actually these grants either don't exist or are only available to government agencies or non-profit organizations.
We begin our list with the final tip:
- Number 10: There's no such thing as “free” money grants. Grants are free in that they do not have to be repaid, but they do include obligations which are absolute requrements. You must do the work necessary to find and win the grant. You must then proceed to successfully and scrupulously carry out the grant according to its specifications. If you are really looking for help because you need financial aid, see our page Federal Assistance in the United States.
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The remaining nine of our “Top Ten”! This is the most important information about Grants: (Note, for our Top 2015 Free Money Tips, take a look at Free Money 2015!)
- Number 9: You need to know what type of grant you want in order to find one for which you are eligible. You definitely don't want to waste your time looking for or even applying for grants for which you do not qualify. Those who award grants say that lack of eligibility is one of the most common reasons that applicants don't win the grant.
For fast help learning more, check out Types of Grants and Where to Find Them.
- Number 8: Though billions of dollars are awarded in grants and other aid, there is no central U.S. Government Grant Department. That may be hard to believe, but no single agency coordinates or manages all grants. There also is no single, simple application you find to simply fill out and have some agency give you money. The U.S. Government does however award billions of dollars in grants each year. Here you can take a look at the top ten grant-awarding agencies that award grants. This list has been recently updated to show the numbers for 2013 (previously the most recent data available was for 2009). The largest giver of grants was the Department of Health and Human Services; the smallest on the list was the Environmental Protection Agency. An interesting agency recently showed up for the first time: the “Agency for International Development”, coming in at $7.9 billion. We'll be doing some digging into that….
- Number 7: Because of the Federal Recovery and Reinvestment Act, there are new grants and new business to be had with the government. Check out our discussion of Federal Business Opportunities to discover more.
Be aware that this site is not for individuals but specifically lists opportunities for businesses. The good news is that because of the Federal Recovery and Reinvestment Act there should be more opportunities for businesses.
- Number 6: There are many websites that offer information for a fee. Be wary of these websites. Don't give private or sensitive information (like credit card numbers or your social security number) to someone you don't know and trust - ever! And be aware that you never should have to be a fee to apply for or receive a grant. We have had many instances of people receiving phone calls saying that they have won a grant and all they have to do is send in some sort of fee to get it. Just hang up!
- Number 5: Not all financial aid and other types of assistance come in the form of grants. Grants have a very narrow definition that makes them available only to specific organizations and individuals. The Pell Grant is one of the few “pure” grants out there that do indeed go to individuals for the purpose of paying for college or career schools. They are unique in that you don't really compete for them — you simply qualify (or not) based on your income. You can quicklysee if you might qualify at Qualify for a Pell Grant. On the other hand you can find all different kinds of help if you don't narrow your search only to grants. Two of our most poplular reviews are Free Tax Help and Fund a Startup Business.
- Number 4: Successful grant proposals contain common elements; learn what they are in Writing a Good Grant Proposal. For a basic and straightforward summary of grant writing tips, check out an article by Waddy Thompson, author of “The Complete Idiot's Guide to Grant Writing”. And don't forget that you don't have to write a grant proposal yourself — sometimes it can be helpful to get professional assistance if you can afford it.
- Number 3: Be sure your proposal is well organized, well written and is making a reasonable fund request. Get great free advice and guidance from Non-Profit Guides, including tips and lots of samples. They do not sell anything or provide any kind of service other than what is provided on the website - just clear, concise, solid information. Kind of like us!
- Number 2: Winning an award is just the beginning - Congratulations! Be sure to follow through on the agreed grant contract: track finances carefully; provide necessary reports; meet all deadlines!
- Number 1: Grants.gov is the authority on grants sponsored by the U.S. Government. Get an introduction to it along with great tips for using it in our Review of Grants.gov. If you're an individual looking for help, you might want to read our article about why grants.gov may not be for you. But even if you are an individual – or a small business – or a non-profit, there still may be a grant you can find through this amazing web site. We've now updated our review of grants.gov to give you detailed instructions about how to search it in a way that will give you results very customized for you — and only grants you could be eligible for. So you don't have to wade through all the results that are just for government agencies. Be sure to check out our guide to grants.gov.
Have something else you think should be included in the Top Ten? Go to our Community Welcome page to become a user and share your thoughts! We value your input, questions and helpful answers.